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SMART METER: BEYOND KWH


Webinar 02242022 Energy Transition

SMART METER: BEYOND KWH

INDONESIA' S JOURNEY AND CHALLENGES ON ADAPTING SMART METER

Uploaded by Prakarsa Jaringan Cerdas Indonesia



 



 

With technological developments moving consumer goods and manufacturing methods towards electrification, increasing quality of life in the general populace, it was expected that the demandson electricity would keep growing in the foreseeable future. For electricity tradingpurposes, a standardkWh meter could reliably measure the total power consumed over a given period of time. But such devices were not without its problems. In order to deal with problems often encountered in ordinary meterings, such as the often inaccessible multi-tariff pricing during peaking hours, lack of reliable net metering for power co- generation, no real-time measurement, lack of outage notifications, and to simplifies power factor calculations,utility companies began to slowly transition themselves from using a standard kWh meter to much more advanced Smart Meter and its AdvancedMetering Infrastructures. With further ease of data interaccessibilty, customersand utilities would find monitoring their use or trade of electricity much easier than everbefore.









Webinar 02242022 Energy Transition

SMART METER: BEYOND KWH

INDONESIA' S JOURNEY AND CHALLENGES ON ADAPTING SMART METER

Uploaded by Prakarsa Jaringan Cerdas Indonesia




 

Mr. Bob Saril, Director of Commerce and Customer Management at the State Electricity Company (PT PLN (Persero) stated that the increase of customer demand in PLN’s distribution grids necessitates a rapid technological advancement in the energy trading sector. In order to adapt properly in facing the current trend of energy generation mix, PLN has to operate their grid differently in a way that it could produce power and most of its customer's demands in a cleaner and a more flexible way. Adding that the era of producer- consumer (Prosumer) multifunction is at its beginning. Hence changing PLN’s business model to one more tied to carbon-free and greener values rather than volumetric values should be the main driving force of PLN’s journey on adapting Smart Meters. Saril also adds thatcustomer re-prioritization consists

more than installing Smart Meters. Here, Smart Meters became a stepping-stone in transforming the power-utility value proposition with a renewed focus on total cost of electricity it self. Possibilities may include environmental sustainability, renewable energy integration, prosumerrenewable participation, rather than merely a generation-delivery service. Hence, PLN puts Advanced Metering Infrastructures (AMI) as one of the keys to PLN’s transformation. Associated with several other organizational initiatives.

Mr. Zainal Arifin,as Executive Vice President

of Engineering and Technology at the State Electricity Company implores that PLN were hoping to introduce the mass adaptation of Smart Metersand AMI as a gateway to further


PictureSmartMeter

the cause of creating a smarter electric grid in Indonesia. PLN were looking forward to implementing a demand response scheme for customer engagement to increase the efficiency of Indonesian grids. Further, Arifin adds that PLN had been implementing their own timeline of AMI initiative. It involves severaltrials conducted in 2018 at Bogor, 2019 at Cengkareng, Malang, Batam, and Bali among other locations. In 2020, PLN had done several Power System Interoperability analysiswith ICON+, resultingin more promising results. With trials and digitalization completed, the initiative enters a Pre-Commercial analysis by installing a total of 110 AMI in three major cities: Bandung, Jakarta, and Surabaya. With hopes of installing a further amount of 1.2 million (commercialized) AMI at the end of 2022 and a total of 35 million AMI by 2035. Saril further implores that besidesimproving the internal business process to ease theconversion to Smart Meter, PLN also coordinates and develop partnerships.


Webinar 02242022 Energy Transition

SMART METER: BEYOND KWH

INDONESIA' S JOURNEY AND CHALLENGES ON ADAPTING SMART METER

Uploaded by Prakarsa Jaringan Cerdas Indonesia





 

with BPPT (National Research Department), Universities, and Manufacturers to enhance the local industrial capability and achieve the mass production of Smart Meter in the next two years as required on the TKDN (Local Economic Content)policy. There are, however, other regulatory issues faced by the AMI initiative. BecausePLN did not own mostof the suppliers and O&M was conducted by such suppliers, there was a false assumption that PLN did not regulateor supervise the overall AMI operations. Regardless, PLN has and continuesto develop several Smart Metering Operation Center to accommodate AMI usage growth. With most Operation Center ownedand operated by ICON+.

Market-wise, Mr. Rendroyoko as Director of Whole sale and Business at Indonesia Commnets Plus (ICON+), a PLN Subsidiary, explains that forthe next three to five years, South East Asia and East Asia might well be an economichotspot for Smart Meter development and supply chain growth. With mass implementation of AMI, ICON offers PLN an automated grid management that consists of Data Warehouses which prep the datas recordedin an AMI to be used as a predictor for system dispatch, energy reconciliation, load forecasting, demand response management, outage management, further into the accountings and billings sector. Supported by a thriving data center and telecommunication industry found in East Asia, installing such data hubs and automated grid management system for a smarter grid might well be one procurement away. However, other.


concerns regarding data securitywere also present as the main obstacle facedby ICON+ if the automated grid management were to be implemented. Hence, while outsourcing many O&M processes to external actors, ICON+ builds, implements, and maintains their own Meter Data Management System (MDMS) - based on PLN’s process businesses. Their MDMS provides the single source of truth meter data to be further analyzed properlyand to support other systems.A sophisticated architecture, accordingto Mr. Rendroyoko, had been applied to fit PLN’s need and to ensure a fast, reliable, and available system.

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